American Makers A - D
Abernathy Furniture Co.
· Kansas City, MO, ca.1893 - 1918, then Leavenworth, KA, - 1950s
· chairs, rockers, bed frames, bedroom furniture, dining room furniture
Catalog: 1916, mix of styles including Mission
· Bay City, MI, 1906 - 1981
· major maker of mail order ‘kit’ homes
· also supplied Mission (and other style) furniture to accompany homes; also china, porcelain enameled bathroom fixtures, stoves, furnaces, extensive lighting, ice boxes, etc.
1916, 1917, 1918
Albert Furniture Co.
· Chicago, IL, (Shelbyville IN ?) early 1900s
· institutional, hotel, restaurant chairs, other furnishings
W.S. Allan Mfg. Co.
· Whitney Point, NY
Allen Chair Co. (Corp.)
· Concord Junction (West Concord) MA, 1906 - 1956
· chairs, desks, stools, umbrella stands, army cots for WW1, school and office furniture
W.D. Allison Co.
· Indianapolis, IN, early - mid 1900s
· display cabinets, medical furniture
Amberg File & Index Co.
· Chicago, Il, (New York & London offices), late 1800s – ca. 1950s
· filing cabinets, card files
Two versions of filing cabinet tag with 1906 patent
American Chair (Mfg.) Co.
· Brandt and Hallstead, PA, 1892 - ?, Seymour, IN, ca.1905, Sheboygan, WI, ca. 1916 - ca. 1920
· chairs, rockers, Morris chairs, parlor sets similar to Harden, “Merikord” wicker
· advertised in the Michigan Artisan, Oct. 1905
Shop Marks: paper label “Made by American Chair Mfg. Co., Hallstead, Pa.”; and:
Mark used on wicker: “MERIKORD /The World’s Best Woven Furniture / AMERICAN CHAIR COMPANY / SHEBOYGAN, WISCONSIN”
Catalog: 1920 (preceded by picture of logo from inside cover page)
Arcadia Furniture Co.
· Arcadia, MI, 1906 - 1952
· low to medium quality dressers, beds, sideboards
· used mechanically printed graining to simulate oak
Catalogs: 1909 & 1913
Auglaize Furniture Co.
· New Breman, OH, 1912 - ?
“THE AUGLAIZE FURNITURE CO. / NEW BREMAN, OHIO / THE AUGLAIZE LINE..?”
J.W. Bailey & Sons Co.
· Boston, MA, 1873 - ?
· Mission style fireplace mantels, mirrors
Catalog: ca. 1910
· Jamestown, NY, early 1900s – 1928?
· all types tables and desks, sideboards, china cabinets
1914 catalog in rear with supplement in front
Baker Furniture Inc.
· Allegan, Holland, Grand Rapids, MI, 1903 - present
· major Grand Rapids firm with only vague Mission and Art Nouveau influence; prolific in other styles
Barber Brothers Chair Co.
· Grand Rapids/Hastings, MI, ca. 1900 - 1911
· founded by A.A. Barber who also founded Grand Rapids Bookcase Co.; merged the companies in 1911 to become Grand Rapids Bookcase and Chair Co. or more commonly known by the Lifetime trade name
· another interest founded by Barber, with John Shank, was a sales agency known as Barber and Shank which consigned pieces from Grand Rapids Bookcase Co. (see this listing for a mark)
· “Hastings Lines” brand name; stout and boxy with coarse leather, oversized tacks etc.
· chairs, rockers, settees, couches, Morris chairs, footstools, book/magazine racks, umbrella stands, stained glass table and floor lamps
Three variants, above, of ‘Hastings’ tag with different fonts, followed by Grand Rapids variant
Interesting combination of Barber Brothers (Grand Rapids variant) (bottom) and Grand Rapids Bookcase Co. (top) marks found on dining chairs, presumably showing how the marks were used in the early days of the two companies merger in 1910 - 1911
Another interesting combination of Barber Brothers (Hastings variant) and an early Lifetime mark, ca.1910 - 1911
Barber and Shank Co.
· See discussion under both Barber Brothers Chair Co. and Grand Rapids Bookcase Co.
· Minneapolis, MN, Fargo, ND, early 1900s
· built-in furniture, sideboards, colonnades, mantels, radiator grills, medicine cabinets, kitchen cupboards, linen closets, wardrobes
“Built In Furniture”
Batesville Novelty Co.
· Batesville, IN, early 1900s
· hall trees
Shop Mark: rectangular paper label
Thomas P. Beals Furniture Company
· Portland, ME, 1867 – 1970s ?
· known for Colonial style but catalog (below) notes “Mission” pieces
Beebe & Runyon Furniture Co.
· Omaha, NB, ? – at least 1965
· desks, chairs
Beelman Cabinet Co.
· Cleveland, OH, at least 1906 - 07
· Mission rockers, tables, magazine stands, medicine cabinets; advertised in the Michigan Artisan (1906, 1907)
Bedford Hickory Furniture Co. (?)
· Bedford, IN
· rustic style
Charles Bennett Furniture Co.
· Charlotte, MI, at least 1907
· sideboards, china cabinets, dining tables; advertised in the Michigan Artisan (1907, 1908)
S. Bent & Brothers
· Gardner, MA, 1867 – ca. 2000?
· chairs, tables, foot stools, settees
Bentley & Gerwig Furniture Co.
· Parkersburg, WV, ca. 1891 – ca. 1912
Berkey & Gay Furniture Co.
· Grand Rapids, MI, 1873 - 1931
· advertised non-Arts & Crafts/Mission styles in the Roycrofters magazine “The FRA”
· general line, “Modern English” bedroom suite, and “Mission” dining suite seen in advertising, English influence; thin Arts & Crafts/Mission representation, the 1910 catalog reportedly had no Arts & Crafts/Mission furniture
Shop Marks: circular mark starting 1905 (branded version earliest)
Branded, brass tag, and paper decal variants
Variant with the Grand Rapids Furniture Manufacturers Association triangle
Binghamton Chair Co. (Binghamton Lounge Co. ca1911 (?))
· Binghamton, NY, early 1900s – ca. 1925
· chairs, arm chairs, Morris chairs, rockers, rustic line called “Barnegat”
Catalog: undated “Barnegat Cedar and Maple Rustic Furniture for Porches and Lawns”
Birger Mfg. Co. Inc.
· Little Falls, NY, ca. 1920
· stacking bookcases; possible affiliation with Lundstrom (same town, same product, genealogy record for ‘Birger Lundstrom’ found ca. 1916-18 for Little Falls, NY)
Bishop Furniture Co.
· Grand Rapids, MI, 1895 – present
· manufacturer, retailer, and mail order, later just a retailer
· general line, Morris chairs, davenports, tables, chairs, commodes, dressers, couches, cabinets
· apparently sold both their own manufactured goods and those of other firms but did not clearly differentiate between these
· the third listed furniture company to advertise in Gustav Stickley’s Craftsman magazine in December 1902 identifying specifically the manufacture of “Mission” style furniture, thus identifying the company as one of the earliest period makers
Catalog: no date
· Jamestown, NY?, late 1800s ? - ?
· tabourettes, games table
Numbers are presumably model numbers
Black River Bending Co. (Kamargo Shops)
· Black River, NY, 1860 - incorporation 1889 - reorganized 1895 - 1916
· desks, tables, chairs, rockers, settees, tabourets, book stands, couches, dining chairs, parlor suites, arm chairs, jardinière stands, writing desks, large tables; and bentwood summer furniture, cradles, rustic
· beginning 1901, imitating Gustav Stickley, wide range of quality
· fire in 1912 resulted in H.C. Dexter helping to fulfill bentwood orders
Bohm Cabinet Co.
· Rochester, NY, early 1900s
· drink stands
Boling Chair Co.
· Siler City, NC, 1904? - 1990s?
· office chairs, arm chairs, desks
· Templeton, MA, 1864 - 1922
John Scott Bradstreet (Bradstreet and Co.)
· Minneapolis, MN, late 1800s – 1914 (deceased)
· interior designer with many high profile commissions, and retail shop called the ‘Crafthouse’ (1904) that carried Gustav Stickley and well known pottery and metal makers
· manufacturer of unique Arts & Crafts Japanese style jin-di-sugi raised grain furniture (starting in 1903) and woodwork, that incorporated elements of organic Art Nouveau and Japanese decoration; surviving examples are rare
Brooks Manufacturing Co. (as of 1908)
· Saginaw, MI, 1901 – 1922 (but sold boats until the 1940s)
· general line, mail order knock-down style, unfinished and plain sawn at first but later changed to quarter sawn and finished, also boats (originally called the Brooks Boat Manufacturing Company), marine supplies, houses
· made a few copies of Charles Limbert pieces
· not clear if they manufactured or contracted furniture production
Shop Mark: rare paper label with “C.C. Brooks” (President) along the bottom
1916; similar to earlier covers (ca. 1912) and contents; re-use of catalog content from year to year was done by various companies as a way to keep costs down
C.G. Brown Furniture Co.
· Syracuse, NY
W.B. Brown Co.
· Huntington then Bluffton, IN, ca. 1906-1923
· not explicitly a furniture company but was the major manufacturer and distributor to other companies of oak base table lamps, that are synonymous with the Mission furniture style; held a patent (1906) on knock-down lamp design that allowed easy and cheap shipment and as a result produced perhaps the majority of all period lamps
· much of the firm’s output was produced for resale by retailers, wholesale lighting houses, and furniture companies, including Montgomery Ward (retailer), Come-Packt, the R. Williamson Lighting Company (Chicago, IL), the M.L. Nelson Furniture Co. (wholesaler), the Brooks Manufacturing Company, the Stuart-Howland Lighting Company (Boston, MA), and the Tower-Binford Electric and Manufacturing Company (Richmond, VA), and likely the Shop of the Crafters
· also sold direct to the public by mail-order under the trade name ‘Marion Mission’ (referring to Marion, IN, being close to Bluffton) as advertised in Gustav Stickley’s Craftsman magazine; this presumably created conflict with retailers who were selling the exact same Brown models supplied by the noted furniture companies
· also made chandeliers and stained glass windows
· glass supplied by the Kokomo Opalescent Glass Company (Kokomo, IN), who also supplied Tiffany, and who are still in business today
Shop Mark: brand “PATENTED / AUGUST 7, 1906 / WB BROWN CO / BLUFFTON IND”
· Chicago, IL (New York, Cincinnati, and San Francisco, plus numerous factories and branch offices), 1884 - 1960 (name change)
· Mission style billiard tables, cue racks
Shop Marks: two marks shown from Monarch model variants which was a massive Mission style table, followed by two marks found on Mission style cue racks
Catalog: reproduction of 1916, example shown with Arts and Crafts style cover
Budde & Weis Manufacturing Co.
· Jackson, TN, early 1900s
· church furniture
Buffalo Chair Works
· Buffalo, NY, 1875 - 1919?
· general line, rockers, chairs
Three variants with different graphic and letter spacing
· Westport, NY, 1905 - 1920s?
· original ‘Adirondack’ style chairs, patented and marketed as “Westport Chair”, made from hemlock/hickory
Shop Mark: "U.S. Pat. JULY 18, 1905/CANADIAN PAT. FEB. 5, 1907/MFD BY H.C. BUNNELL/WESTPORT, N.Y."
Byrdcliffe Arts & Crafts Colony
· Woodstock, NY, 1902 - 1910 (furniture ca. 1903 - 1905)
· founded by Ralph Radcliffe-Whitehead; extremely rare, possibly no more than 50 pieces known with only half sold at the time of manufacture and half used and kept in colony buildings until the 1970’s of which most were unfinished presumably to be sold as such for customers to finish themselves
· tables, desks, benches, chests, also pottery, textiles, metalware
Shop Mark: branded (with facsimile on right)
Cadillac Cabinet Co.
· Detroit, MI, ca. 1906 - 1911
· advertised in the Roycrofters magazine “The FRA” and in Gustav Stickley’s Craftsman magazine (1910, 1911, 1913), as a subsidiary of the Wolverine Mfg. Co.
· general line, desks, desk-table combinations
Two variants with slightly different colors, or faded color
· drafting table and side bookcase combination
California Mission Furniture Co. (possibly a retailer)
· rockers, desks
Camden Cabinet Co.
· Camden, NY
· stacking bookcases
C.H. Campbell Furniture Co.
· Shelbyville, IN, 1900 – at least 1922
· hall furniture, ladies desks
Canastota Couch Co.
· Canastota, NY, 1900 – at least 1913
Carey Furniture Company
· Ashland, NH, early 1900s
· dining sets
Carrom-Archarena Co. (also Carrom Co.)
· Ludington, MI, late 1889 – 1950s ?
· folding oak game tables “Peerless” brand, banquet tables, piano benches, crokinole boards
Catskill Mission Furniture Co.
· Woodstock, NY, early 1900s
· small pieces
Shop Mark: “CATSKILL MISSION FURNITURE/WOODSTOCK, N.Y.”
Cedar Rapids Woodworking Co.
· Cedar Rapids, IO, early 1900s
· footstools, shop mark appears to say couch frames, lounges, sofa beds
Central Furniture Co.
· Grand Rapids, MI, ca. 1893 - 1904
· rectilinear Mission line with leaded and stained art glass
Central Furniture Co.
· Rockford, IL, at least 1915 – at least 1932
Century Cabinet Co.
· early 1900s
· stacking bookcases including “Artcraft” Mission style
Chair Craft Co.
· Traverse City, MI, at least 1911-1914
· Morris chairs with footrest extensions, “Comfort Chair” and “Rest Fest Reclining Chair” brands
Shop Mark: plate "Rest Fest. A feast of rest. Chair Craft Co. Traverse City, Mich."
Charlotte Chair Co. (Charlotte Co. Inc.)
· Charlotte & Grand Rapids, MI, later Belding MI, 1912 - 1973
· wood and upholstered chairs, case goods, for office, health care, hospitality, institutional markets
“Charlotte Chair Co. / Charlotte, Mich. / No.”, on first example
Charlotte Mfg. Co
· Charlotte, MI, at least 1908
· library tables; advertised in the Michigan Artisan (1908)
Chicago Mission Furniture Co.
· Chicago, IL, ca. 1904 - 1911
· chairs, tables, settles, desks, bed frames, dressers
Shop Mark: paper label
Chittenden & Eastman Co. (might be associated with Eastman Line)
· Burlington, IO, 1899 – present?
· general line, china cabinets, ‘Thebes’ stools, chairs, rockers, marketed as “Square Brand”
1921 and 1927, containing both Mission and other styles
Cinney & Binly Table Co.
· Chicago, IL, Grand Rapids, MI, ca. 1902
· tables and desks with cut outs
ca. 1902 (facsimile from Carron et. al. 1998)
· Chicago, IL, early 1900s
· ‘Clemco’ roll top and standard desks
Cochran Chair Co.
· Aurora, IN, 1879 - 1973
· side chairs, rockers, tables
Collier Barnett Co.
· Toledo, OH, ca. 1920s
· “Bilt Well Mill Work” including built-in buffets, kitchen cabinets, bookcases, colonnades, fireplace surrounds, and wide range of door, stair, window and trim mill work
Colonial Chair Co.
· Chicago, IL, ca. 1915 - 1916
· despite the company name, Mission style dining chairs, bedroom chairs, desk chairs, children's chairs, rockers, office chairs, shoe store stools, jury chairs, cafe chairs, sewing rockers
Catalog: 1915 - 1916
Colonial Manufacturing Co.
· Grand Rapids, MI, 1906 - 1983
· spinet desks
Columbia Mantel Co.
· Louisville, KY, ca. 1919
· library tables, fireplace mantels, phonographs?
Columbia Parlor Frame Co.
· Chicago, IL, early 1900s
· chairs, settles, rockers
Come-Packt Furniture Co. (originally the International Manufacturing Co.)
· Ann Arbor, MI, and head office in Toledo, OH from 1911, (1906?)1907 – 1918
· general line, mail order knock-down style, lamps (presumably supplied by W.B. Brown Co.), also “Willo-Weave” wicker
· advertised in the Roycrofters magazine “The FRA” and Gustav Stickley’s Craftsman magazine (1910, 1911, 1914), using text such as: “Which Price Do You Pay?” seemingly poking at higher pricing of Stickley products
· not clear if they manufactured or contracted furniture production
Date? (from Craftsman Auctions Catalog, Sale #3, January 19, 1997)
1912, flyer with letters of appreciation 1912, and “Mission Portables”
Conant, Ball Co.
· Boston, MA, late1800s - 1950s?
· chairs, footstools; “modern” furniture in later years
F. H. Conant's Sons
· Camden, NY, 1876 - ?
· general line?, rockers
· purchased wood, leather, nails, horsehair, stain, and dowels from J.M. Young (note the near identical similarity between the F.H. Conant shop mark and the early Young shop mark – perhaps Young also printed labels for Conant)
Conrey & Birely Table Co. (later called Davis-Birely Table Co., assumed relationship to Conrey-Davis Co.?)
· Shelbyville, IN, ca. 1884 – 1901?, also Chicago and Grand Rapids
· general line, centre tables, parlor tables, library tables; advertised in the Michigan Artisan (1906)
Conrey-Davis Mfg. Co. (assumed relationship to Conrey & Birley Table Co. and Davis-Birely Table Co.)
· Shelbyville, IN, 1901? - 1924
· dining tables, assumed general line?, plus smalls or “Novelty” items – small tables, umbrella stands, shaving stands, smoking stands, mirrors, cabinets; advertised in the Michigan Artisan
Catalogs: “Novelty Catalog” 1911 and 1912
Converse Manufacturing Co.
· Grand Rapids and Newago, MI, 1889 - 1898
· cited as an early maker with English Arts & Crafts, Art Nouveau, and Mission influences
The Cook Company
· Michigan City, IN, at least 1903
· advertised a Mission line in Gustav Stickley’s Craftsman magazine December 1903, called “Hand Made Kenilworth Furniture” including a parlor set of arm chair, rocker and settle, plus “Philippine Fiber Furniture”
Cortland Furniture (later Cortland Cabinet) Co.
· Cortland, NY, early 1900s
· sideboards, china cabinets, parlour sets similar to Harden
Shop Marks: circular black paper label, serrated edges, “Manufacturer’s of Buffets and China Closets”, and examples below of paper and cloth variants
· Montoursville, PA, 1906 - 1919?
· dining tables
Craftsman’s Shop of Ossining (Briar Cliff)
· Ossining, NY, early 1900s
· general line
Shop Mark: “BRIAR CLIFF”
Crawford Chair Co.
· Grand Ledge, MI, 1902 - 1931
· founded by Edward Crawford who left the Grand Ledge Chair Co.
· chairs with English/Scottish Arts and Crafts influence, rockers, dining tables
Crex Grass Furniture (Prairie Grass Furniture Co. / parent company American Grass Twine Company)
· Glendale (Long Island), NY, 1899 - 1933, also factory in Brooklyn, NY, and rug plants in Saint Paul, MN, Oshkosk and West Superior, WI
· Mission style ‘wire grass’ furniture, general line, including painted colors i.e. green, brown etc., also grass rugs
· advertised in Gustav Stickley’s Craftsman magazine (1910, 1911)
Crocker Chair Co.
· Sheboygan, WI, 1880 - 1924
· dining chairs, cabinetwork, office chairs, child’s rockers
· Piqua, OH
· drop front desks
Culler Furniture Co.
· Williamsport, PA, early 1900s
· catalog (below) notes Mission rockers, general line in other styles
Curtis Lumber and Millwork Co.
· Clinton, IO, late 1800s – at least 1952
· built-in nooks, collonades, cupboards, interior and exterior doors, porchwork, newels, stairways, window sashes and casements, storefronts, verandas, garage doors, millwork, moulding; supplier to Sears kit homes and some evidence that Curtis may have also made stand alone furniture for Sears kit homes (e.g. trestle tables)
Shop Mark: ? “Curtis 1866”
Catalogs: 1914, 1917 and 1920
H.T. Cushman Mfg. Co.
· North Bennington, VT, ca. 1903-ca1932
· made “Old Dutch” bolted furniture, generally low quality, and some pieces in mahogany
· stools, waste baskets, chairs, tables, stands, wardrobe trees, grandfather clock cases, bookstands, hinged pieces including the “Betumal” (Beat-um-all) telephone stool & table, table-chair combinations, and the “Shynezy Chair” with shoe shine compartment
Two variants, above, with slightly different text, spacing, and border
Late period tag found on transitional style arm chair
Cutler Desk Co.
· Buffalo, NY, ca. 1850 – at least 1919
· Abner Cutler was the first American to patent the roll top desk (ca. 1850)
· desks, roll top desks, tables
John Danner Mfg. Co.
· Canton, OH, late 1800s - early 1900s
· revolving bookcases, stacking bookcases, drop front desks, drug store cases, cabinets, stools
· Victorian era models were carried through to Mission period with revisions; copied by other makers
Shop Marks: below, plus oval border decal with company name in middle
Davis-Birely Table Co. (originally called Conrey & Birely Table Co., assumed relationship to Conrey-Davis Co.?)
· Shelbyville, IN, 1901? - 1938; also Grand Rapids 1909 - 1911?
· desks, tables
Delaware Chair Co.
· Delaware, OH, late 1800s – ca. 1904
· chairs, rockers
P. Derby & Co.
· New York, NY, Boston, MA, Gardner, MA
· hall trees, stools, chairs, office chairs, roll top desks, rocking chairs
J.M. Deutsch Co.
· Hornell, NY
H.C. Dexter Chair Co. (Ontario Shops)
· Black River, NY, 1838 – ca. 1912
· Fires in 1894 and 1900
· general line, library tables, chairs, rockers, bookcases, day beds, derivative of Gustav Stickley (w/some inlaid chairs) and L. & J.G. Stickley, and rustic birch-bark furniture, room dividers, heavy chairs and rockers w/cut-outs and metal brackets
· Louis Ridenour was a sales representative and figurehead for the company from 1906 when the Ontario Shops name was introduced but after 1908 appears to have started independently in Vermont (see listing for Ridenour Shops)
· assisted Black River Bending fulfill orders after a fire in 1912, and possibly stayed in business until the 1920s making phonographs
Shop Marks: “Ridenour Arts and Crafts Furniture, Ontario Shops, Black River, N.Y.” in a circle with Ridenour crest in the centre (presumably used for only two years 1906-1908), and the following:
Found on a non-Mission style piece but assumed to be the same or similar as used on Mission style based on reference description
Eugene Dietzgen Co.
· Chicago, IL, 1885 - present (also New York, San Francisco)
· drafting tables (and surveyors and drafting equipment)
Catalogs: 1902 - 1903 and 1921
Direct Furniture Co.
· Ann Arbor, MI, early 1900s
· mail order line, dining tables and chairs
Doernbecher Manufacturing Company
· Portland, OR, 1900 – at least 1926
· dining room furniture
C.F. Doll Furniture Co.
· Buffalo, N.Y., early 1900s
· general line
Shop Mark: rectangular blue paper label w/clipped corners
Doten-Duntan Desk Co.
· Boston, MA, ca. 1902-1943
· umbrella/cane stands, desks and office furniture in various styles
John A. Dunn Co.
· Gardner, MA, (warehouses: Newton, MA, Chicago, Boston, St. Paul), 1886 - 1902 fire, then to 1920s?
· supplied other firms
· reclining Morris chairs, chairs, baby carriages, rattan