American Makers I - L
· Holland, MI, ? – at least 1926
Imperial Furniture Co.
· Grand Rapids, MI, 1903 - 1955
· general line Mission style, amongst other styles
ca. 1910 (facsimile from Carron et. al. 1998)
Indiana Hickory Furniture Co.
· Colfax, IN, early 1900s?
· rustic style chairs
Indiana Willow Products Co.
· Martinsville, IN, early 1900s to ca1948?
· local rival to Old Hickory Chair Co.
· good quality rustic style line
Indian River Chair Co.
· Rochester, NY
Indian Splint Mfg. Co.
· Geneva, NY, ca. 1909 – ca. 1915
· rustic style line
Inner Braced Furniture Co.
· Elkhart, IN, ca. 1911 - 1960s?
· work table / partner’s desks in oak with steel bracing
Jamestown Chair Co.
· Jamestown, NY, late 1800s – at least 1920s
· chairs, footstools
Jamestown Fancy Furniture Co.
· Jamestown, NY, early 1900s
· smokers stands, magazine stands
Jamestown Furniture Co.
· Jamestown, NY, ca. 1911 – ca. 1933
· general line derivative of Rohlfs but lower quality
Jamestown Lounge Company
· Jamestown, NY, late 1800s – 1970s?
· Mission style bulky chairs, settles, davenports (with cedar lined boxes), adjustable sofas, sofa beds, plus all leather furniture
· advertised in Gustav Stickley’s Craftsman magazine (1910); advertised in the Michigan Artisan (1906, 1907)
· noted as a designer of Mission furniture with line drawings of pieces in issues of the Michigan Artisan 1908 and listed in the Grand Rapids Furniture Journal in 1917 and 1926 (possibly as passed away)
A.J. Johnson & Sons Furniture Co.
· Chicago, IL & New York, NY, at least 1912
· dining room sets, plus other styles
Johnson Chair Co.
· Chicago, Il, 1890s? - 1950s?
· swivel office chairs, dining chairs, rockers, library chairs
Jordan, Moriarity & Co. (retailer ?)
· Grand Rapids, MI, or New York, NY (?), early 1900s
· complete dining room sets
C.F. Kade F. & S.C. Co.
· Plymouth, WI, ca. 1914
· combination desk-table-bookcase
S. Karpen & Bros.
· Chicago, IL, 1880 - 1952
· chairs, rockers, settles, foot stools, davenports, made wicker for Ford & Johnson (see label below)
Two examples, showing darkened and bright brass lettering
First, similar to above tags, but only Chicago listed on the bottom and having a double border
Yellow tag notes Fiber Rush (wicker) for Ford, Johnson as made by Karpen; lower tag appears to identify details about the specific furniture model or style (in this case, a tea wagon)
No date, 1907, 1913, including Mission and other styles
Advertising: mirror (back shown), no date, but logo matches early 1900s and includes “Michigan City”.
Keller Office Furniture Co.
· Buffalo, NY
· office chairs
Kelly Brothers Manufacturing (J. A. Kelly & Bros.)
· Clinton, IO, at least 1906 – 1930s?
· reclining Morris chairs with footrest extension, “The Kelly Automatic Comfort Chair”; “Imperial Automatic Morris Chairs”
Highly faded red ink tag with ‘Kelly’ on top found on the same chair as the subsequent metal tag
Kenton Mfg. Co.
· Covington, KT, ca. 1904 - ?
· general line
Kiel Furniture Co.
· Kiel & Milwaukee, WI, 1892 - present (w/name changes)
· dining sets, tables
Kimball & Chappell Co.
· Chicago, IL, 1897 – ca. 1920
· brass and iron beds
Kindel Bed Co. (C.J. Kindel Bedding Co.)
· Denver, CO, 1899, St. Louis, MI, 1904, Grand Rapids, MI, 1912, Chicago, IL, 1915 purchase by Kroehler (also New York, Toronto), various changes to ca. 1970s
· sofa beds
Shop Marks: 1910s - 1920s “Kindel” or “Kindel Beds” in bold Gothic script surrounded by a rectangle with chamfered corners, and:
King Furniture Mfg. Co.
· Warren, OH, ca. 1917
· china cabinets and sideboard combinations, desks, cellerettes
Knaus Furniture Mfg. Co. (Knaus Bros. and Arwine / Knaus Mfg. Co.)
· Fayetteville (1907-1908), Watervliet (1908-1911), Constantia (1911 - 1913) and Oneida (1914 - 1915), NY, references differ regarding locations and dates
· Knaus family members who worked for Gustav Stickley and L. & J.G. Stickley, joined with Fred Arwine who was Gustav Stickley’s Secretary and Treasurer, to form original company of Knaus Bros. and Arwine
· general line using ‘Craftmasters’ name, “Mission Chairs, Rockers, Tables, Bookcases and other Mission Furniture”; derivative of Gustav Stickley and L & J.G. Stickley and with similar looking catalog; failed lawsuit for infringement by Gustav Stickley in 1910, but nonetheless ran a disclaimer “We are not connected with any firm of similar name” i.e. Craftsman
· also settees, magazine stands, book racks, tabourets. 3 and 5 piece suites, in 125 patterns
· fire and move in 1908
· bought by Schubert gear company in 1913 and changed named to Knaus Furniture Mfg. Co. and changed to ‘Meisterwerk’ trade name, but generally a lower quality line
Second example is a variant (?) or modified version of first, with rounded corners, found on a pair of turned wood bookends
Knickerbocker Manufacturing Co.
· Detroit, MI, early 1900s
· Morris chairs with flip top arm cabinets
Knoxville Furniture Co.
· Knoxville, TN, early 1900s
· Mission style fireplace mantels
Knoxville Table and Chair Co.
· Knoxville, TN, 1900 - 1935
· tabourettes, library tables
Kramer Mfg Co.
· Indianapolis, IN, at least 1912 – at least 1931
· sofa beds
Kroehler Mfg. Co. ▲
· Chicago (Naperville), IL, (also New York, NY, Stratford, ON, and later San Francisco, Los Angeles, Dallas, Inglewood, CA), ca. 1913 on
· chairs, sofa beds
Two variants, slightly different line weight
Variant with extra locations
1927, late period catalog but still has Mission style pieces
Lakeside Craft Shops
· Sheboygan, WI, 1910 - 1919, re-incorporated w/new owners 1922 - 1934
· founded by Fred Dennett, the owner of the Wisconsin Chair Co., in which factory the pieces were made using off cuts from chair manufacturing; pieces were originally labeled Woodcraft Guild 1910 - 1912
· general good quality line of oak and mahogany small pieces; jardinière stands, cellarettes, smoker’s cabinets, planters, book racks and stands, footstools, waste baskets, phonographs from 1916-1919, cedar chests from 1922 on
The main shop mark is often accompanied with secondary ‘stickers’ as shown above
First tag on oak appears slightly transparent, second tag on mahogany is opaque; not clear if this is a design variation or just evidence of color loss/change/fading
Upholstery tag found on a footstool, and cedar chest tag, ca. 1922 or later
Langslow, Fowler Co.
· Rochester, NY, early 1900s
· general line, rockers
Shop Mark: rectangular paper label
· Buffalo, NY, 1901 - 1941
· general line, mail order, plus all household goods; furniture was offered as a premium give-away for large orders of household goods
· continued to offer Mission style well into the 1920’s presumably in response to customer demand; frugal customers likely picked up single pieces over several years and still needed pieces to complete sets for various rooms or settings
· Elbert Hubbard was a salesman for Larkin prior to founding the Roycrofters, and Frank Lloyd Wright designed the Larkin main office building and much of its furniture
‘Slip-On’ chair seat label and large paper tag entitled “HELPFUL INFORMATION”
Catalogs: various dates 1905 to 1925
William Leavens & Co.
· Boston, MA, ca. 1909 - at least 1927
· general line
· advertised in Gustav Stickley’s Craftsman magazine (1911)
· also known/assumed to be a retailer; seller of Old Hickory (Royka 2003)
Two examples of brass tag; second example on a green stained piece which agrees with Leavens catalog notes that said pieces were available in “any color finish”
Catalog: no date
(From Craftsman Auctions Catalog, Sale # 4, May 18, 1997)
Charles A. Lee Chair Co. (same as Lee Chair Co., Syracuse, NY?)
· Oneida, NY
Lentz Table Co.
· Nashville, MI, at least 1906 – 1953?
· dining tables; advertised in the Michigan Artisan (1906, 1907)
Leonard Peterson & Co. Inc.
· Chicago, IL (later Auburn, AL), 1890 - present
· drafting tables, laboratory and school furniture
Lestershire Furniture Co.
· Lestershire, NY, early 1900s
· small tables
Levin Bros. Inc.
· Minneapolis, MN, ca. 1917 - ca. 1932
· upholstered chairs and settles, desks, pedestals, davenports, daybeds, rockers
Lewisburg Chair Co.
· Lewisburg, PA, late 1800s - early 1900s, later named Pennsylvania House
· arm chairs, rockers
Shop Mark: Combined mark for the company and a retailer
Library Bureau Sole Makers
· New York, NY factory / head office?, also Boston, Philadelphia, Chicago, Washington, London, also a Canadian location?, late 1800s–1925?
· filing cabinets, card catalogs
Library Filing Cabinet Co.
· Chicago, MI, at least 1902
· not explicitly a Mission furniture maker, but rather an office furniture maker, of interest because they were the first listed furniture company to advertise in Gustav Stickley’s Craftsman magazine in December 1902, ironically with a testimonial from Elbert Hubbard of the Roycrofters
Lifetime Furniture (Grand Rapids Bookcase & Chair Co.)
· Hastings, MI, 1911 - 1920
· founded by A. A. Barber as a merger of Barber Brothers Chair Co. and Grand Rapids Bookcase Co.; several designs copied from Gustav Stickley and L. & J. G. Stickley
· general high quality line, dubbed “Cloister Style” from 1911 until 1917 with heavy forms and pegged tenons, then lighter style introduced called “Puritan”
· marketed with images of monks and southwestern Mission churches
Three examples of color variation seen in the decal mark
Two partial examples above of less common paper labels
Pair of paper tags found on the same piece
Pair of tags found on a bookcase; Top: “Consigned to / Goods for / Article / No. / Finish / FROM Grand Rapids Bookcase and Chair Co. HASTINGS, MICH”
Includes pages showing Missions in California as well as furniture listings, thus making a clear connection between furniture style and Missions in the south-west; ca. 1913
1916 - 1917, contains Mission and several other styles
Suggested to be an original advertising display sign (?), but possibly a painted/stenciled fire screen
Charles P. Limbert Co.
· Grand Rapids (1894 - 1906 (?)) & Holland, MI (1906-1925), then sold
· considered to be one of the top tier and more influential makers
· Charles Limbert also represented the Old Hickory Chair Co. for many years
· general high quality line with multiple influences, incl. Art Nouveau (early), English, Medieval, Japanese, Glasgow School, Austrian Secessionist, Viennese, Prairie School, w/stained glass (early), curves, inlays i.e. “Ebon-Oak” line (1915), cutouts
· used “Holland Dutch Arts & Crafts” reference in catalogs and advertisements, and claimed to have Dutch craftsmen; advertised in Gustav Stickley’s Craftsman magazine (1914)
Pre 1906 tags, including rare green stain piece (from gustavstickley.com)
Post 1906 (added “TRADE MARK” and replaced “MICHIGAN” w/”AND HOLLAND”)
Post 1906 brands; note the distinct two-tone coloring; it is assumed that a patch was placed on the piece to prevent over staining of the area where the brand was applied or conversely it was simply company practice/policy to not color over the brand; this also demonstrates that the undersides of arms and inside of drawers were often stained, i.e. places where the brand was applied
Brand marks with model number stencils
Dining table model number on top and extension length on bottom
Four example pictures, above, of rare copper tag with patinated background and raised lettering (these are smaller size than the brand); top right is of a possible fake – slight difference in outside border thickness, no outline border on figure, rounded off edges/corners in lettering, different lettering sizes, e.g. Grand Rapids is comparatively smaller than Holland (first picture from gustavstickley.com, black & white picture is from Bartinique 1995)
Reprint of a graphic found in a Limbert catalog (date? ca. 1910); an example of this leather tag would be a rare find (from Gray and Marek 1997)
Two versions of tags found under leather covered spring cushion seats with instructions for cleaning and caring for leather
Invoice letterhead 1909
Paper tag found under the seat of a dining chair, authenticity unknown
Catalogs and Pamphlets:
1908, and ca. 1913 (from Craftsman Auctions Catalog, Sale #3, January 19, 1997)
Catalogs #100, #112, #114
Catalog #117 with retailer name ‘A. Hamburger & Sons Inc., Los Angeles’, and catalog examples with the cover type seen in the first picture turn up on the market appearing to be in original condition, however this is in fact the inside cover page and reflects a catalog missing the external cover as shown in the subsequent example
Two examples, above, of retailer pamphlets (#118), 8 pages 6” X 7” dated 1913 (black and white picture from Bartinique 1995)
ca. 1910, small 3.5 X 6 inch 16 page pamphlet with line drawings of furniture and rooms, and retailer pamphlet, 8 pages 6” X 7” dated 1911; ironically this example is marked for a retailer in Syracuse NY, the location of Gustav Stickley’s workshops
Wooden shoe advertising with pyrographic carving (date?), came in a range of sizes and design variants up to approximately 10” long (black and white pic from Bartinique 1995, last pic from Craftsman Auctions Catalog, Sale #4, May 18, 1997)
Luce Furniture Co.
· Grand Rapids, MI, 1896 - 1930, 1935 - 1938 as owned by Kroehler
· general line including flat spindle columns w/inlay work, Glasgow School influence (on dressers, beds), dining room suites, china cabinets
C.J. Lundstrom Mfg. Co.
· Little Falls, NY, early 1900s – ca. 1950s
· stacking or ‘barrister’ bookcases (a.k.a. ‘elastic’ bookcases), Mission style made until at least 1926
1905, 1907, 1911
1916, 1925, no date