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American Makers

 

Stickley

 

Stickley Associated Cabinet Makers (L. & J.G. Stickley Inc.)

·         Syracuse/Eastwood and Fayetteville, NY, 1916 - 1919

·         short lived association between the brothers Leopold Stickley, John George Stickley, Albert Stickley in 1917 (who remained in Grand Rapids), and Gustav Stickley after Gustav’s bankruptcy in 1915

·         Leopold and John George bought, and kept in production, Gustav’s factory (i.e. Syracuse/Eastwood location) and continued to produce L. & J.G. Stickley pieces and Colonial styles starting in 1916 and a line called `Chromewald` in 1917, with Gustav acting as a Vice President

·         Gustav officially retired in 1918 (but his name remained on the company’s board until 1919) after a falling out with the brothers who simultaneously began phasing out Mission style furniture with significant reduction and discontinuation by 1922; John George passed away in 1921 (see Stickley Mfg. Co. Inc. for notes on 1919 - 1925 period)

 

Shop Mark: a combination of L. & J.G.’s hand clamp and Gustav’s joiners compass

 

x 10_3

Two examples with slight color difference between green and gold background; known to have been used by early 1918 (Cathers 1996) but not clear if used 1916-1917 (?) or how late it was used

 

534238205_o.jpg 534238214_o.jpg !B8QpFK!B2k~$(KGrHqN,!iUEzOHrQPNzBM2gqSHK,Q~~_3.jpg 

Suggested to be unused original decals but probably recent fakes; rolls and sheets of these decals have been sold on-line

 

Catalog:

 

19somethin

Undated catalog; note the combined hand clamp and joiners compass shop mark and title reference to both Craftsman (Gustav Stickley) and Handcraft (L. & J.G. Stickley), but that the company name is officially L.& J.G. Stickley Incorporated (Craftsman Auctions Catalog, January 23, 2000)

 

Other:

 

b9_1 f181_3 1.jpg 2.jpg

Paper weights, assumed to be recent fakes; examples and variants regularly appear on-line

 

169

Large framed picture; confirmed as a scanned image and enlargement, shown to illustrate the ease of digital reproduction and manipulation of shop marks

 

Stickley & Brandt Chair Co. (Charles Stickley) 

·         Binghamton, NY, 1891 - 1919

·         founded by Charles Stickley and Schuyler C. Brandt (Charles’ uncle, who passed away in 1913)

·         general and variable quality line of Mission style pieces, derivative of Gustav Stickley, however the company was primarily a mail order and wholesale chair company that offered many different styles, also roll top desks and office furniture

·         pieces are generally more scarce than the other Stickley companies and design and workmanship varies; Mission pieces were not produced apparently until 1909; best known for unique geometry and distinct heavy 2X4 style posts/legs in some original design Mission chairs produced apparently for only one or two years, i.e. 1909 – 1910, because these specific pieces are not seen in the 1911 catalog

 

Shop Marks:

 

gustavstickleycom.jpg

This label commonly found on other styles but occasionally appears on Mission pieces; ad hoc usage and/or overlap timing usage with the first mark shown below is assumed (from gustavstickley.com)

 

rockertag MVC-025S_054

 

2515_3

Three examples of the same mark, showing color variation/aging, bottom is assumed to be closest to original, ca. 1909 - 1913

 

stickley5%20c

 

d5_1_sbol

Two examples of the later branded mark, 1913 – ca. 1918, used presumably after the death of Schuyler Brandt to identify just Charles

 

anothersettle1 6154160_4_l - Copy.jpg

Tags found on Mission settles; note lack of ‘and’ between Stickley & Brandt and ‘Furniture Co.’ instead of ‘Chair Co.’ in first example; authenticity unknown for both

 

Catalog: 1911

 

1087_1_lg

 

Other:

 

1913CAL1 (Medium) a.jpg

1913 calendar, and an invoice for late 1916, as paid in 1917, with specific reference to “Mission Furniture”; this ephemera is assumed to be authentic as found with several other business papers, catalogs, etc. for the noted retailer

 

Stickley Brothers Co. (Quaint Furniture)

·         Grand Rapids, MI, 1891- ca. 1940

·         general good to high quality large selection  line, copies and variations of Gustav Stickley, plus French (early inlays), and English/Scottish influence, also metalwork made by Russian craftsmen, and lighting

·         Albert Stickley maintained the company after all of the other brothers left to form their respective firms; notable designers were David Robertson Smith from 1902 and Arthur Teal from 1908 - 1911

·         shipped unfinished furniture to England from 1897 - 1902 where it was finished and sold

·         prolific Mission line by early 1900’s with many desirable forms however also produced a wide range of utilitarian pieces; probably used hardware made by Grand Rapids Brass Co.   

·         furniture was marketed as “Quaint” in reference to English/Scottish tastes

·         http://www.historygrandrapids.org/article/2380/stickley-brothers-furniture-co

·         http://www.historygrandrapids.org/article/2203/albert-stickley-of-grand-rapid

 

Shop Marks: generally appear from 1903 on (references vary however, as early as 1900); there is no specific dating scheme to the shop marks other than the early brand marks did not appear to see continued usage into mid period, and often two of the most common tags (oval paper, metal freeform shape, decal, branded name) are found together on a piece and these are generally assumed to be subsequent to the early brand mark

 

earlymark $(KGrHqFHJCME7yo4B8GqBPHw1Q2DbQ~~60_3 - Copy.jpg

Two examples of the early rare brand mark (suggested as ca. 1903, Carron et. al. 1998, but could be earlier based on usage in the Walter S. Mackay & Co. catalog/brochure described further below)

 

1.jpg

Double stamped mirror image variant of the brand mark found on an early server

 

metaltagretailer.jpg 

Rare metal tag with retailer name found on early English influenced china cabinets and sideboards seen in the 1903 and 1908 catalogs

 

dfdesk

Paper inventory/shipping label found on an early drop font desk ca.1903

 

Untitled.jpg

Rare variant of the Grand Rapids Furniture Manufacturers Association label found on an early-mid period style arm chair, assumed thus to be ca. 1908 to agree with date when Stickley Brothers joined the Association

 

hallchairtag armchairtag x

Two oval paper tags, one without a model number and one with a number; examples with numbers are rare but the probable intent of this shape tag was to have the model number added; possible ink fade over time has affected these (?) (suggested as ca. 1900 in Carron et.al. 1998, but this mark is generally considered to be a bit later and certainly covers several years of production)

 

chair1

Paper tag mounted with two tack variation

 

aaazx%2520282%20b

Good condition original metal tag (brass with dark patination on background) with remnant of paper tag top left (suggested as ca. 1902 in Carron et.al. 1998, but this mark is generally considered to be a bit later and certainly covers several years of production)

 

table1

Tag with background color completely worn or polished off or the result of refinishing, showing raised lettering

 

smalldesk%20tag%20x decal 

Two versions, above, of the same decal mark, showing color fade and/or yellowing (suggested as an early mark in Marek 1987, ca. 1900?, but this mark is generally considered to be a bit later and certainly covers several years of production)

 

decalnumber%20x

Stencilled model numbers are common

 

stickleybed6 stamp%20and%20brand%20stand

  

1350-23394.jpg

Variants above of the decal and brand combination (with two also showing model number stencil); this combination of marks is relatively common

 

StickleyChair7

 

1153125069936_rocker11%20b

 

f286t.jpg F745BStickley2.jpg

Two examples (borders and some text appears to be slightly different) of a paper label from round dining tables that identifies the size in feet and the number of leaves

 

 f8242g.jpg

Paper tag found on round dining tables and associated wooden cases holding dining table leaves

 

2diningtable1

Patent tag found on the pedestal of round dining tables (as marked per above) with # 767-2422; patent speaks to the metal mechanism for opening the table for leaf placement

 

mahogstandtag

Paper shipping tag found on a mahogany book stand

 

laterockertag $(KGrHqIOKjgE6O+gKl4EBOoYHvGBFQ~~60_3.jpg

Label found under the seat of a transitional, i.e. late Mission, style rocker, followed by similar label of unknown origin

 

z

Paper label found on the base of a wicker lamp, showing the early brand mark on left with text on right; appears to be fraudulent copy of the label sometimes found on metal work and Stickley Brothers were not known to make wicker lamps

 

P2480086.jpg

Pristine looking and glued on, with no tack evidence, possible fake label

 

37

A version of the metal tag offered to the antiques market as original, however this is a possible fake based on widespread availability of these loose tags found on-line; metal ‘Stickley’ tags have been fraudulently used on look-alike Mission pieces from generic makers and/or as embellishments to original pieces

 

moc10.jpg

Fake letter stamp mark found on the back of a Mission wall clock

 

Brochures and Catalogs:

 

sbros.jpg

Assumed ca. 1902 retailers catalog/brochure for Walter S. Mackay & Co., Oakland, which includes fifty pages of line drawings of early pieces and room settings; the cover is similar to the reprint catalog suggested as 1903 but this version has several unique pieces not seen in the 1903 version; this version also has the early brand mark shown on every page

 

1908%20original

1908

 

s1019bro1 STICK1.jpg

“Ye Quaint Style / Compliments of Steinbach Company Asbury Park, New Jersey”, followed by an unmarked example; sixteen page brochure with several pages of color sketches, as signed by Arthur Teal (initials), of furniture groups and room settings, plus anecdotal information about Stickley Brothers; ca. 1908 - 1911 based on the same pictures printed this period in the Grand Rapids Furniture Record, which also correspond with the tenure of Arthur Teal (as noted in Clark & Thomas Clark 2002)

 

b2 

Twelve page brochure, includes color pictures of single furniture pieces opposite pages with room setting illustrations signed by Arthur Teal; date assumed to be ca. 1908 - 1911 period based on pieces not seen in the known 1912 catalog and timeline corresponding with Teal’s tenure; examples of this brochure sometimes had a retailer name on the inside cover page

 

1914 %2345%20-%20catalog18%20may13%202000

Catalog #42 1914 (facsimile from Bavaro and Mossman 1996), and Catalog #45 ca. 1914 - 1915 (Craftsman Auctions Catalog #18, May 13, 2000)

 

s%20bros

Date? (Craftsman Auctions Catalog, Sale #3, January 19, 1997)

 

$(KGrHqEOKisE3C9brjIDBN2Dh!dnQQ~~_1.jpg !B5qoQkwB2k~$(KGrHqN,!iUEyeYpItKcBMujYOWcVw~~_3.jpg

Unknown date brochure, “Schemes of Quaint Furniture”, showing grayscale renderings of room settings; appears to be mid period based on contents, and undated sales brochure with artwork assumed to be from David Robertson Smith (per discussion in Marek and Weiderman 1993); appears to be mid-late period based on contents

 

4743_3

Sixteen page sales brochure from the late teens, based on a mix of Mission and other styles, with retailer name on front and address stamp inside; includes color and grayscale room settings and wall papers (and fabrics?)

 

Other:

 

letterhead412_487.jpg $(KGrHqF,!p8E-61iFZtyBPzkZkd5s!~~60_3.jpg 

Letterhead from 1911 correspondence and 1917 Invoice, showing the same graphic and font

 

101 - Copy.jpg

Advertising sign, authenticity unknown but assumed to be fake

 

Gustav Stickley (The Gustave Stickley Company 1898-1900, United Crafts 1901-1904, Craftsman Workshops 1903 (overlapping name usage with United Crafts) -1916)

·         Syracuse/Eastwood, NY, 1898-1916

·         Gustav Stickley (originally Gustave, with an ‘e’, until 1903) was probably the most  energetic and acknowledged figurehead of the Arts & Crafts Movement, promoting all aspects of the lifestyle through the widely distributed “Craftsman” magazine (183 issues from 1901 to 1916) and books like “Craftsman Homes” (1909) and “More Craftsman Homes” (1912) produced by the Craftsman Publishing Co.

·         characterized his business on the idea of a medieval guild based on his travels to England and familiarity with John Ruskin and William Morris, but ultimately had an assembly line approach and was known to become a keen marketer and promoter of his business and wares; unfortunately he produced a relatively expensive product that was unaffordable by the working middle class who he professed to help liberate from various social inequities and after the business peaked there was a relatively rapid decline in revenues    

·         Harvey Ellis was the most noted, yet short lived, designer with the firm (9 months, 1903 - 1904), known for architectural form and inlays (also an architect for designs found in the Craftsman magazine); another notable designers were Henry Wilkinson (1900 - ?) and LaMont Warner (1900 – 1906)

·         produced a general line of high to premium quality furniture, and wicker, metal ware, lamps, textiles

·         other than Ellis work, most of the furniture is massive and bulky but well-proportioned and generally incorporates symmetry of ¼ cut oak flake (sometimes veneer) as the only ‘decoration’; some early pieces are very dark stained while most pieces were fumed with ammonia to varying degrees until 1912; high quality hand hammered hardware generally used including large strap hinges and bulky pulls; pieces were generally made lighter and less massive towards the later years of production, and through and keyed tenons were reduced in scale and quantity; overall the most widely copied and imitated of makers

·         Arts & Crafts / Mission style furniture production ended at the start of 1915 with bankruptcy due to over-extended finances regarding construction of the Craftsman Building in New York City

·         short lived association with his brothers after bankruptcy, see Stickley Associated Cabinet Makers

·         http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stickley

 

Shop Marks: Varied range of marks with noted date changes; the company motto seen in many of the shop marks is Als ik kan”, which is Flemish for “As I Can”, borrowed apparently from William Morris

 

Scan1%20(Small)

Rare early generic paper label found on a “Celadine” tea table (no. 27); marked the transition from short lived Art Nouveau style to Arts & Crafts in Stickley’s designs, ca. 1898 - 1900 (Craftsman Auctions Catalog, January 29, 2001)

 

z.jpg

Rare early generic paper label with handwritten “No 6 Gr Ash” ca. 1900 – 1901 (Tucker 2010)

 

Untitled c.jpg 

Company mark from the back cover of “Chips from the Workshops of Gustave Stickley” 1901; note the “h” in “ihk” and the “e” in Gustave, both of which were later dropped

 

xx.jpg

Mark as seen on the back cover of “Things Wrought by the United Crafts at Eastwood, N.Y.” 1901, with the ‘h’ dropped from ‘Als ik kan’, predates the first issue of the Craftsman in October 1901; no evidence that this mark was ever used on furniture  

 

1901

Mark as seen in the first issue of the Craftsman, October 1901; no evidence that this mark was ever used on furniture  

 

1902 Jan

From the January 1902 edition of the Craftsman, the first mark found in literature that was subsequently seen on furniture

 

x.jpg
From the inside cover of “Things Wrought by the United Crafts” 1902; referring to the start of shop mark use and showing the first version from literature that was subsequently seen on furniture. Note that Gustave still uses an ‘e’ at this point.

 

02-03 daybed

Two variants of the 1902 - 1903 signature box mark with different line thickness in the box, different line thickness in the lettering, and different shape to the “S” in Stickley

 

1902 October Craftsman trough1

From the October 1902 edition of the Craftsman, representing the next style change seen in literature that was subsequently used on furniture as the (1902?)1903-1904 full box mark

 

 roundtablemark 1.jpg

 

drop1 35_3

Four examples above of the 1904 – 1906/07 (1908?)tall’ mark on various finishes, with full ‘Gustav Stickley’ signature

 

12_3 4_2

1904(05?) – 1912 variant type 1

 

server1 bc1

1904(05?) – 1912 variant type 2

 

Two variants above of 1904(05?)-1912, shown on different finishes; type 1 versus type 2 have different signature versions and different thickness of the joiner’s compass cross bar; type 1 has the same signature as the 1904 - 1906/7 tall variant

 

5890544_8_l.jpg

Example of the 1904(05?) – 1912 variant type 2, showing an overlap cut, on the right side, into the next decal on the roll or sheet

 

1.jpg ebay_nov_2_008.jpg

1904(05?) - 1912 Two examples of the rare black colored ink variant of the full signature mark, comparable to type 2 red marks shown above

 

31_3 f6400s.jpg

Two variants of the paper label from 1905 - 1907 often found with the red decal mark from same period as shown above; the first without a patent date at the top and the second with a patent date at the top

 

rocker%20x%20tag2 f8267m.jpg

Paper label from 1907 - 1912 with top banner, often found with the red decal mark from the same period as shown above, followed by an intriguing variant with reverse or negative coloration, possibly caused by a natural or chemical reaction

 

6876226_2_l.jpg

Example of paper label from 1907 – 1912 with accompanying red decal of 1904(05?) – 1912 variant type 2, with an overlap cut at the bottom to the next decal on the roll or sheet, this example being perpendicular to the previous example shown further above.

 

f9588p.jpg

Paper label variant of the above 1907 - 1912 example, with no top banner and slightly different layout compared to the previous example; found on a legitimate sideboard with a 1904(05?) – 1912 variant type 2 red decal mark; this paper label variant is not identified in the literature and is not often seen

 

$(KGrHqRHJ!sE63Ksoyc9BO0r1EVs4g~~60_3 - Copy.jpg x chinatag2 

 

childs8 gustav15 b !BrlWHJQ!mk~$(KGrHqIH-C!EvP2bEtluBL0P3btM8!~~_3 - Copy.jpg

1912 – 1915/16 Branded mark; these six examples above show the highly variable quality of the mark, the first the best and last example is double struck

 

1915piecetag

Paper label from 1912 – 1915/16, often found with branded mark as shown above

 

5781_1 b

Paper tag found on crate holding dining table leaves

 

dtable1 dtable2

Matching number stamps found on components of a dining table

 

a.jpg

Leaf count numbers on left and matching identification numbers on right (found mid leaf edge; width of leaf in inches?) for a dining table

 

$(KGrHqJHJBIE9tKsvLMYBPegzibGcg~~60_57.jpg

“INSPECTED K” mark found under a desk drawer

 

1.jpg 2.jpg

Two dubious looking red marks from the same source, the first on an unknown cabinet desk piece and the second from a seemingly legitimate V back rocking chair or copy

 

unused%20tag%202

An example presented on the market as an original, unused condition, 1907 - 1912 paper shop mark; authenticity cannot be confirmed and is quite possibly a forgery due to a prevalence of these offered for sale on-line over a short period of time

 

fake1

Blatant fake stamped letter mark found on a mission style painted footstool; “G STICKLEY”

 

fakestickleymark stickleyforgery.jpg

Two examples of probable fake black marks, neither matches the known black decal or black brand variants; the first found on a low quality wooden lamp and the second on a piano

 

81_14 - Copy.jpg

Found on a Mission china cabinet that does not match known models; appears to be a relatively transparent decal

 

x

Fake paper label found on a nursing rocking chair

 

Other related marks of interest:

 

  hardware%20stamp 1151982877335_AndironsB

Stamped mark found on copper pulls and strap hinges followed by same mark as seen on fireplace andirons

 

1904 January Craftsman stick museum

Excerpt of a page from the January 1904 issue of the Craftsman noting a tag (leather) attached to all goods, followed by a recent reproduction available for a short time through the Craftsman Farms Museum.

 

lustre 1912.jpg lustre

Seen in the 1912 “Craftsman Furnishings for the Home” and “Craftsman Furniture” catalogs, this labeling was used for Stickley finish, however there seems to be two versions of the finish, one that is described as clear and one described as tinted which is both a stain and a polish, so it’s not certain if this finish was a sealant, i.e. shellac based, or a top dressing, i.e. wax, which is more likely and probably in a cream like paste or liquid, based on application instructions seen in other Stickley literature (first example from the ‘Furnishings’ catalog and second facsimile from the ‘Furniture’ catalog, as reprinted by Athenaeum of Philadelphia & Dover Publications 1991)

 

price tag.jpg 

Noted in the 1910 “Craftsman Furniture” catalog, this label represents the factory price tag (two sides as shown) which was affixed to furniture; prices were factory set for two regions, east and west, based on extra shipping expense to the west

 

letter1909 !B17KL,Q!mk~$(KGrHqUOKicE)(fgFcRkBMg,-1VQOQ~~_3.jpg

Letterheads 1909 and 1913; assumed to be original

 

7259_1

Sales receipt; assumed to be original

 

DME1951gussticcrafi(1)

Stock certificate

 

f705_1 f8b7_1

Front and back marks found on Lenox china used in the restaurant at the Craftsman Building, New York

 

Catalogs, Brochures, Books, Articles:

 

For completeness, the following chronology includes both furniture related and other listings related to the company (Cathers 2003, with additions), with subsequent figures just representing the furniture related publications. Note the usage of the non American spelling of ‘catalogue’.  

 

1900

·         New Furniture from the Workshop of Gustave Stickley, Cabinet Maker

1901

·         Chips from the Workshops of Gustave Stickley

·         Chips from the Workshops of the United Crafts

·         Retail Plates

·         Things Wrought by the United Crafts at Eastwood, N.Y.

1902

·         Retail Plates

·         Things Wrought by the United Crafts

1903

·         The Simple Structural Style of Household Furniture

·         Name This Child

1904

·         Safecraft—Catalogue C

·         What is Wrought in the Craftsman Workshops

1905

·         Cabinet Work from the Craftsman Workshops -- Catalogue D

·         The Craftsman Workshops -- Supplement to Catalogue D

·         Craftsman Furnishings

·         The Craftsman's Story

·         Hand-Wrought Metal Work

·         Needle-Work from the Craftsman Workshops

1906

·         Chips from the Craftsman Workshops

·         Craftsman Furnishings

·         Christ Among His Fellow Men (text by Harriet Joor, with a foreword by Gustav Stickley)

1907

·         Chips from the Craftsman Workshops—Number II

·         Descriptive Price List of Craftsman Furniture, with Retail Plates

1908

·         Craftsman Fabrics and Needlework

1909

·         Craftsman Furniture

·         Some Chips from the Craftsman Workshops

·         The Furniture Styles (by H.E. Binstead, with Chapter XIV: The Motif of Mission, pp. 179-197, by Gustav Stickley)

·         Craftsman Homes

1910

·         Craftsman Furniture

·         The Craftsman House

·         Craftsman Premium Catalogue

1912

·         Craftsman Furnishings for the Home

·         24 Craftsman Houses

·         What They Say About The Craftsman

·         Craftsman Furniture

·         More Craftsman Homes

1913

·         Craftsman Furniture

·         Craftsman Houses - A Book for Home-Makers

·         Craftsman Service for Home-Builders

1914

·         $150,000 7% Cumulative Preferred Stock Offering of Gustav Stickley, The Craftsman Incorporated, and The Craftsman Magazine Inc.

·         Craftsman Restaurant

·         A Summary of Craftsman Enterprises

·         Woodwork and How to Finish It

1915

·         Craftsman Department of Interior Furnishings

 

cat 1 1901

1900 Facsimile of the first furniture catalog cover (from Gray 1996)

 

chips.jpge9_1 

1901 “Chips FROM THE WORKSHOP OF GUSTAVE STICKLEY, SYRACUSE, N.Y., U.S.A.” Twenty eight pages of essay and line drawings of furniture and room settings; second example (which might be a facsimile) having footer notation for the retailer Cobb-Eastman Company, Boston.

 

chips2.jpg chips1 

1901 “Chips FROM THE WORKSHOPS OF THE United Crafts, EASTWOOD N.Y., U.S.A.” Thirty pages of essay and furniture line drawings and plates with a two page price list; showroom addresses for The Cobb-Eastman Company, Boston, and James McCreery & Co., New York (second example from Craftsman Auctions Catalog, Sale #3, January 19, 1997).

 

Untitled.jpg

1901 “Things Wrought by the United Crafts at Eastwood, N.Y.” Eight pages of essay and furniture group photos and one drawing.

 

things2.jpg  !Btcv78wEWk~$(KGrHqEH-CcEvp+dge,(BL8DL7j(S!~~_3.jpg

1902 “THINGS WROUGHT by the United Crafts”, Thirty two pages of furniture photos and descriptions, with a price list; two variants with different style text; one example for the Cobb-Eastman Company, Boston, and one for the Scruggs Vandervoort & Barney Dry Goods Co., St; Louis, Mo.

 

x.jpg

1904 Safecraft Catalog, showing a specific line of cabinets and desks incorporating safes

 

 catalog D 1904

1905 Facsimile of cover text from “CABINET WORK FROM THE CRAFTSMAN WORKSHOPS - Catalogue D” (from Gray and Edwards 1981)

 

supplement d.jpg

1905 “THE CRAFTSMAN WORKSHOPS SYRACUSE, N.Y. Supplement to Catalogue D”, Twenty four pages of furniture plates and promotional material.

 

craftsman furnishings.jpg 5 and a quarter by 4

1905 or 1906 “CRAFTSMAN FURNISHINGS”, pocket book size, includes seventy five pages of mainly furniture, some leather, metal work (including lighting), fabrics, and needlework, with pricing; examples with retailer identification for Marshall Field & Co., Chicago, and James McCreery & Co., New York

 

chips3.jpg

1906 Promotional essay brochure, “CHIPS From THE CRAFTSMAN Workshops, Gustav Stickley”, forty six pages of essay and some furniture and other product promotion

 

chips2 06-02

1907 Promotional essay brochures, two cover variants, “Chips from THE CRAFTSMAN Workshops – Number II” (first example from Craftsman Auctions Catalog, Sale #3, January 19, 1997)

 

1909.jpg  140905528_o

1909 January catalog; by this point in time the catalogs have grown to be well over one hundred pages of combined information for furniture and other goods; two examples with showroom addresses for New York and Boston; second example also has a stamp for New York retailer James McCreery

 

1909%20retailer%20catalogue%202 1909 1910.jpg

1909 January with retailer identification for Pease Brothers Furniture Co., Los Angeles, and James McCreery & Co., New York, and 1910 July catalog with showroom addresses for New York and Boston

 

1912%20another fake1912 x.jpg

1912 April catalog with showroom addresses for New York and Boston; followed by a possible reproduction passed as original and a clean reproduction of the same catalog, both in grayscale without the proper green second color and an undersized left margin

 

1912.jpg !B17K!Z!!mk~$(KGrHqIOKjgE)MCUWLGoBMg,-FH2U!~~_3.jpg

1912 October “CRAFTSMAN FURNISHINGS FOR THE HOME” includes wicker and house wares, and 1913 September catalog with addresses for the Craftsman Building and showrooms in Boston and Washington D.C.

 

L. & J.G. Stickley Inc. (incl. Onondaga Shops 1902-1906)

·         Fayetteville, NY, 1902 – current times; note that Davidoff and Zarrow (1992) identify the incorporated name from 1904 as L. & J.G. Stickley Co. Inc., but note the catalog example under Stickley Associated Cabinet Makers that excludes Co., and the upholstery tag shown further below that just uses Inc., plus other references seem to interchangeably use just Inc. or just Co., but rarely both

·         founded by brothers Leopold Stickley and John George Stickley with a factory complex just a few miles from older brother Gustav Stickley but did not have the same propensity as Gustav in promoting the Arts & Crafts lifestyle

·         originally called the Onondaga Shops, but later adopted the ‘Handcraft’ mark presumably to parallel Gustav’s ‘Craftsman’ advertising and literature promoting handmade work (despite the amount of machinery actually used), however by 1912 discontinued the use of the handcraft/handscrew shop mark likely because of the market confusion with Gustav, and started use of ‘The Work of….” 

·         Leopold originally worked for Gustav and his first contract after leaving in 1902 was to finish Gustav’s obligations with Tobey plus subsequent production for the Tobey ‘New Furniture in Weathered Oak’ and ‘Russmore’ lines, and then he also contracted for George Flint, Wannamaker, Jordan Marsh and Paine; pieces from this 1902-1904 period are referred to as Onondaga Shops even though they are unmarked because they were explicitly commission pieces for the firms noted; production for Wannamaker continued to at least 1910

·         John George joined by 1904 and the company incorporated; Peter Hansen was the companies notable designer from 1909 on, who had earlier worked for Gustav

·         prolific and general high quality line from 1906 to 1916 with many copied designs from Gustav and some Prairie School elements in notable pieces; developed unique quadralinear locking joint for four sides of square posts to effectively show ¼ grain on all sides; used spline and tongue and groove joints on table tops, pegged and through tenons in other joints; produced high quality hammered copper hardware in their own shop and a few pieces of hammered copper house wares

 

Shop Marks:

 

f4073n - Copy.jpg

Rare oval shaped brown paper label, exact dates of usage unknown but possibly the first mark used

 

3dfe_3 b 

 

Onondaga Shops 1904-1906, three examples showing color variation

 

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Paper label on material under a chair seat; no explicit information or description in the reference literature was found to describe this, as discovered/first noted in Style1900 vol. 8 #3 (summer-fall 1995); “ONONDAGA SHOPS / Fayetteville, New York / L. & J.G. / STICKLEY / No. / ?”

 

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Stencilled ‘G’ found on the back of an Onondaga Shops tall dresser, otherwise unmarked

 

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Poor quality picture of paper label that appears to read “L. & J.G. STICKLEY / ? / The Onondaga Shops / …?”, no references found, authenticity unknown

 

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Rare paper label ca. 1907, sometimes found with the red ‘Handcraft’ clamp mark (next picture)

 

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1906 – 1912, second example includes ‘TRADE MARK’ between screw arms; no references found to confirm if this is a variation or if this part of the decal is just subject to wear and as a result is often not seen

 

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1912 - 1916 (to 1918?)

 

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1912 (1913?) - 1916 (to 1918?)

 

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Upholstery tag with date reference to Laws of 1913 found on leather covered drop in rocking chair seat, also marked with 1912 - 1916 decal mark shown above

 

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Patent date on sideboard clasp for holding backsplash in place; paper tag on model number 718 dining table, 54 inches wide by 8 feet long with extensions; embossed model number 746 china cabinet; model numbers were also sometimes hand written inside drawers etc.

 

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This metal tag is known to be from Colonial style furniture made ca. 1916 and later, and is occasionally seen on Mission style pieces, but it is unknown if this represents a short period prior to use of the Stickley Associated Cabinet Makers shop mark, or possibly just ad hoc usage by the shop at the same general time, or simply that the tags have been switched between pieces in more current times

 

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Two variants of the metal tag, offered to the market as is, one ‘used’ and one as ‘new old stock’, but both are assumed to be fakes; metal tags presumably taken from less desirable Colonial pieces or outright fakes have also been used on lookalike Mission pieces from generic makers

 

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Paper label of unknown origin, possibly fake

 

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Fake paper label (seemingly copied from Gray 1989), found on a desk, and obvious fake letter stamped mark

 

Catalogs:

 

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Onondaga Shops, the first catalog from 1905 (as identified in Davidoff and Zarrow (1992) referenced to Cathers), and boxed catalog and advertising plates, assumed to be ca.1909 as described in Davidoff and Zarrow (1992) (from Craftsman Auctions Catalog #19, May 14, 2000)

 

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1910 catalog, cover facsimile from Gray (1989), followed by 1912 Catalog (two examples with cover color differences, or fading/lighting difference) supplement to the ‘Handcraft Furniture’ catalog of 1910; ‘Handcraft’ replaced by ‘The Work of L. & J.G. Stickley’ (first from Craftsman Auctions Catalog, January 23, 2000)

 

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From 1914 on the company used this undated catalog, seemingly as a way to streamline distribution and save production costs. Given the simple grayscale printing of this catalog, reproductions are easily made.

 

Other:

 

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Copper advertising plate, found in the L. & J.G. Stickley factory after purchase by the Audi family in 1974

 

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Framed advertising sign, date and origin unknown

 

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Appears to be a fake advertising mirror; initials are shown incorrectly as L.G.& J. not L.&J.G., and the use of Co. does not agree with other references that use Inc. (or rarely Co. Inc.) (see introductory notes)

 

Stickley Mfg. Co. Inc.

·         Syracuse/Eastwood and Fayetteville, NY, 1919 – ca. 1925; Tucker (2010) notes that Gustav’s old factory (i.e. Syracuse/Eastwood location) produced furniture for L. & J.G. Stickley until 1969 under the Stickley Mfg. Co. Inc. name

·         final phase and limited production of Mission style furniture from 1919 to 1922 by Leopold Stickley and John George Stickley (who passed away in 1921) while maintaining the parallel firm name of L.&J.G. Stickley Inc. which moved into other styles

·         after 1922 the sale of Mission style pieces was presumably from existing inventory with no new production; the last Mission furniture price list was issued in 1925 (Davidoff and Gray 1996) 

 

Shop Mark: upholsterer’s tag with company name and Syracuse, NY, is known for Mission sofa bed piece dated 1919, plus:

 

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Brass tag with 1925 date, found on a sofa bed with mixed style elements

 

 

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